Imagine never having to go to the gas station. Your car fully recharges while you sleep, for an average cost of about $20 a month in electricity. Electric cars are the only truly Zero-Emission Vehicles currently available. That means no emissions from the tailpipe. Wait – there is no tailpipe!

EVs are by far the cleanest, most energy efficient cars on the market. Even taking power plant emissions associated with charging the battery into account, electric cars in California are 97% cleaner than the cleanest gasoline car available. The following models are available for individuals (some additional models are available for fleets.) But plan ahead! These cars are so popular there�s often a long waiting list – so contact your dealer as much in advance of your target purchase date as possible.

General Motors Generation II EV1:

Number of occupants: 2
137 horsepower
Range: PbA 55-95 miles, Ni-MH 75-130 miles
0-60 mph in less than 9 seconds
Maximum speed: 80 mph
Recharging time: 5.5 to 8 hours
Cost (Only available by lease): $400-$500 a month. Some cities offer attractive rebates. In addition, a bill pending in the state senate would provide a $3,000 per year rebate, essentially cutting the cost in half.
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Ford Ranger EV Pickup Truck

Number of occupants: 3
90 horsepower
Range: PbA 50 miles, Ni-MH 65-85 miles
0-50 mph in 12.5 seconds
Maximum speed: 75 mph
Cost (Only available by lease): $400 – $500 a month to lease (see above).
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Force Passenger Vehicle

Number of occupants: 4
56 horsepower
Range: PbA – 50 miles, NiMH – 85-100
0-50 mph in 20 seconds
Maximum speed: 70 mph
Recharging time: PbA – 3.5 hours, NiMH – 8 hours
Cost: $30,000 and up
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The vast amount of commuters (87 percent) in the US travel 18 miles or less to work and 93 percent of those commuters drive alone. So why drive a five passenger car, or, even worse, an SUV around town when you can drive a NEV for about a penny a mile? A NEV has all the same benefits of an electric car (no tailpipe emissions, no gasoline) but is generally smaller and lower speed, and is meant to be a practical, clean, and safe way of getting around your neighborhood or making short trips. A NEV is perfect for a trip to the grocery store, running errands, or for commuting to work and back.

The Corbin Sparrow

Number of occupants: 1
0-60 mph in 15 seconds
Maximum speed: 70 mph
Recharging time: 2-8 hours
30-60 mile range
40 horsepower
Cost: $13,900
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The Gizmo

Number of occupants: 1
Maximum speed: 40 mph
Recharging time: 3.5 hours
25 mile range
Cost: $7,950
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GEM E825

Number of occupants: 2
Maximum speed: 18-23 mph
Cost: $7,795
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GEM E825/4

Number of occupants: 4
Maximum speed: 18-23 mph
Cost: $9,995
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Hybrids combine an internal combustion engine with a battery to reduce emissions and save gas. The gasoline engine charges the battery, so they never have to be plugged in. As a result they cannot travel significant distance or speed on the battery alone, and therefore fall short of the definition of a Zero Emission Vehicle. But these cars are certainly a step in the right direction, and a practical choice for many consumers.

American car companies have not yet brought these cars to market, but two Japanese makers have. The Toyota Prius has sold well in Japan for the last two years. The Honda Insight has sold well in the U.S. since it came to market in January 2000.The Toyota is cleaner than the Honda, and certified as a “super ultra low-emission vehicle” (SULEV). The Honda is certified as an ultra low-emission vehicle, or ULEV.

Toyota Prius (coming to market in June)

Number of occupants: 5
Miles per gallon: 40�s city/52 highway
Maximum speed: 100 mph
70 horsepower
Cost: Approx. $20,450
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Honda Insight

Number of occupants: 2
Miles per gallon: 61 city/70 highway
73 horsepower
Only available in five speed
Cost: Approx. $20,000
Contact information: